The name of the region dates back to the 15th century and is of unclear origin. The town used to be located 500 metres southwest of where it is now, on the slope of the hill “St’vanos,” opposite the harbour of Moudros, where the settlement of Anemoessa now stands. The residents moved to the valley between the hills Plagia and Lagada because of the threat of pirates. The “Despotis” hill stands above the settlement and is said to have been named after the island’s governor, who had the title “Despot of Lemnos” in the late Byzantine period and supervised the area’s mines. The remains of a volcanic crater are visible in the area, which has been linked to the old volcano Mosychlos. A fossilized tree has also been discovered in the area.